1. History of FUSUMA

Time/Period Types of housing structure Housing needs and trends
Early years -later years of Heian period Shinden-zukuri Introduction of simple partitions for the rooms.

The material of the surface were replaced from silk to paper during this period.
The paintings, Yamatoe were represented on the paper.
The paper partitions surprisingly worked well in the humid summers to absorb the humidity and aerated a warm ambiance for the cold winters. The function of the decoration was added.
Later Heian period - Kamakura period The paper, Karakami was used for Fusuma.

The first forms of Shoji screens appeared.
Fusuma Shoji - Fusuma with painting decorations
Karakami Shoji - Shoji papered with Karakami paper
Akari Shoji - Today's Shoji, sliding paper door
Muromachi period Shoin-zukuri Charcoal based water paintings were added as decorations.
Azuchi Momoyama - Early Edo period Shouhekiga

Fusuma Shoji had wide appeal.

Tea ceremonies became widely popular with demands of tea rooms* in the houses.Tea rooms were papered with Karakami Washi.
Early Edo period - mid Edo period Fusuma reached its peak of popularity.
Fusuma Shoji was banned in the Kanmon Era.
Decorative pieces of Karakami papers were suggested and Karakami Shoji had wide appeal.
Meiji period - 30th years of Showa period Fusuma doors were put into commercial production.

*Tea ceremony room

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